Guidelines for Targeting the Poor and Vulnerable for Basic Sanitation Services in Ghana

The majority of poor people rely on unhygienic on-site sanitation systems with inadequate faecal sludge management systems. Poor sanitation also has a negative impact on the economy as illness reduces productivity. Globally, 40% of the world’s population do not have access to basic sanitation, and one in five persons practices open defecation. Only 15 % of the population of over 27 million people in Ghana have access to safe and improved basic sanitation. This lack of access to improved sanitation has resulted in the rather high rates of open defaecation in the country, especially among the poor. This has been a major concern to key stakeholders who are working towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6, which mandates 100% attainment of basic sanitation come 2030; it therefore means that there is the need to critically work on identifying the poor to provide them with basic WASH services, in view of achieving SDG Goal 6. Currently, the WASH sector in Ghana has no guidelines for identifying and targeting the poor and vulnerable for basic sanitation, except for a few organisations.

Global Communities helped the Government of Ghana to develop this national guideline for targeting and providing basic sanitation services for the poor and vulnerable. It will serve as a working document for all stakeholders in the sanitation and hygiene sector in Ghana.

Read the document here.

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